Australians were held as Prisoners of War in a number of Countries throughout the World during the 20th Century and they were also Interned in some Neutral Countries for the duration of that War or conflict.
The names that are engraved on the Stone Obelisks show the name of countries where Australians were held. In some cases the names of these countries have changed or the country no longer exists. This may have been bought about by internal or external political changes, War or amalgamation.
These are the names of countries the Trustees are aware that held Australian Prisoners of War. The names of Countries Engraved on the Stone Obelisks are shown with an asterisk *.
Siam* (now Thailand)
Java*(Island of Greater Indonesia)
New Guinea* (Papua)
Natal* (province of Western South Africa)
New Britain* (now part of New Guinea)
Transvaal* (Northern province of South Africa)
Ambon Island*(now part of Indonesia)
Papua* (New Guinea)
Mesopotamia* (now part of Iraq)
Holland* (The name Holland is commonly used to informally refer to the whole of the country of the Netherlands)
Formosa* (now Taiwan)
Burma* (now Myanmar)
Orange Free State*(province of South Africa)
French West Africa
Sumatra* (part of Indonesia)
Cape Colony*(now part of South Africa)
New Ireland*(part of New Guinea)
Ottoman Empire (see Turkey)
Hainan Island* (province of China)
Manchuria* (part of China)
Vichy France (now Southern France)
Indo-China* (forms a number of countries, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia Peninsula, Myanmar, Thailand & Vietnam)
Dutch New Guinea* (now New Guinea)
If you become aware of a country not listed, please advise the Trustees.